Published: Fri, August 03, 2018
Sci-tech | By Laverne Osborne

On Tuesday Mars will Make its Closest Approach to Earth Since 2003

On Tuesday Mars will Make its Closest Approach to Earth Since 2003

During opposition, Mars is especially photogenic because it can be seen fully illuminated by the Sun as viewed from Earth.

It means the Red Planet will appear super bright, and with its orange-red color, will be hard to miss in the nighttime sky. After rising, it stays up in the sky the entire night and starts setting in the west at a time when the sun rises in the east.

There's not enough trapped carbon dioxide to thicken the planet's atmosphere much.

This rare phenomenon can be observed with the naked eye tonight and Mars will be the brightest celestial object in the night sky after the Moon.

"These data have provided substantial new information on the history of easily vaporised (volatile) materials like Carbon dioxide and H2O on the planet, the abundance of volatiles locked up on and below the surface, and the loss of gas from the atmosphere to space", said Christopher Edwards of Northern Arizona University in the US.

By mid-August, Mars will lose its brightness, the planet and the Earth will be removed from each other, moving in their orbits around the Sun.

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Saturn has seasonal changes caused by the planet's 27-degree axial tilt. Small, mid-latitude puffs of clouds are also visible. The planet's magnificent ring system is also on full display and near its maximum tilt toward Earth, which was in 2017.

This is called terraforming - altering a planet to make it more like Earth. Using the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution spacecraft (MAVEN), NASA was able to get a better understanding of what that atmosphere looks like.

Last seen this closer was on 2003 and next closest is 2020 and super closest is on 2035. And on the red planet burst into a powerful dust storm, which eventually covered the southern hemisphere.

Saturn's portrait is the first image of the planet taken as part of the Outer Planet Atmospheres Legacy (OPAL) project. It turned out that carbon dioxide on the red planet is not enough, and most of the available carbon dioxide may not be emitted into the atmosphere.

The Hubble Space Telescope turned toward Saturn roughly a month before it came in opposition on June 6, according to an official report. STScI is operated for NASA by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, in Washington, D.C.

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